Scoliosis is an abnormal growth in the spinal column, which causes curvature and rotation.
- Infantile Scoliosis occurs in very young children
- Juvenile Scoliosis in children aged 10 or younger
- Adolescent Idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common type of scoliosis and is present in approximately 2% of the general population in children aged 10-18.
Children who have mild scoliosis are monitored closely, usually with X-rays, to see if the curve is getting worse. In many cases, no treatment is necessary. Some children will need to wear a brace to stop the curve from worsening. Only about 2% need surgery to straighten severe cases of scoliosis.